Tuesday, April 6, 2010

in, on and at (time)

From: Oxford Practice Grammar : John Eastwood

in, on, at (time)

A. Saying when
Look at these examples:

It happened in 1990.

It happened on Friday.

It happened at two thirty.

Now compare:

in 1990
in September
in winter
in the 20th century

in + a week or more:
in the Eater holiday
in the summer term

in + part of the day:
in the morning
in the evenings


on + day/date:
on Wednesday
on 15th April
on that day

on + a single day:
on Easter Monday
on Christmas Day

on + day + part of day:
on Friday morning
on Tuesday evenings


at + clock time/meal time:
at three o'clock
at lunch (time)
at that time
at that moment

at + two or three days:
at Easter/Christmas
at the weekend
(USA: on the weekend)


in time or on time?

In time means "early enough" :

We got to the airport in time to have coffee before checking in.

We'll have to hurry if we want to be in time for the show.

I was about to close the door when just in time I remembered my key.


On time means "at the right time", 'on schedule'

The plane took off on time.
I hope the meeting starts on time.

Other meanings of in

We can use in for the time it takes to complete something:

I did the crossword in five minutes.

Could you walk thirty minutes in a day?


We can also use in for a future time measured from the present:

Your photos will be ready in an hour. (=an hour from now)

The building will open in six weeks. (OR in six weeks' time).

in, on and at (place)

Oxford Practice Grammar
by John Eastwood

I don't have a permission from the writer and the publisher but I hope I won't get into trouble of putting this online. I really want to help my students. Enjoy this part of the lesson. It really helps a lot.

in, on, at (place)

A. Meanings


We use in when something is around, on all sides:

in the phone box
in the playpen
in my pocket
in the garden
in the kitchen
swimming in the pool

in + town/country
Kate lives in New York
Bologna is in Italy,

in + street (Great Britain)
in Shirley Road


We use on for a surface:
lying on the rug
walk in the pavement
a number on the door
egg on your shirt

And we use on for a line:
Bath, on the River Avon
a village on this road
a town on the border

on + floor:
on the first floor

on + street (USA)
on Fifth Avenue



We use at for a position, a point in space:

someone at the door
sitting at my desk
at the crossroads

We also use at for events:

See you at the match.
at the meeting
at a church service

at + house/address:
at 65 Shirley Road
at Mike's (house)

at + place on a journey:
Does this train stop at York?


Some common phrases

in prison/hospital
in the lesson
in a book/newspaper
in this photo/picture

in the sky
in the middle
in the back/front of a car
in a queue/line/row

on the platform
on the farm
on this page
on the screen
on the island
on the beach
on the coast
drive on the right/left
on the back of an envelope

at the station/airport
at home/work/school

at the seaside

at the top/bottom of a hill
at the back of a queue
at the end of the corridor

Sunday, January 10, 2010

Week 10

Questions and Answers

1. Why are you leaving so soon?
A: It's late, and I need to get some sleep.
A: I have to get home and get some sleep.

2. How do you feel when you get an "F" / "A"?
A: I feel angry.
A: I feel bad.
A: I feel scared.
A: I feel worried.
A: I feel upset.
A: I feel great.
A: I feel happy.
A: I feel relieved.

3. How long does it take you to get home?
A: Only twenty minutes.
A: It can take me up to thirty minutes.

4. How can I do well in school?
A: You should spend your time wisely.
A: You should review your lessons every day.
A: You should go to class every day.
A: You should do your homework every night.

5. How much does a ticket cost?
A: You can get ten tickets for one hundred and forty dollars.
A: One ticket cost fifteen dollars.

6. How are you going to improve yourself?
A: I'm going to be more optimistic.
A: I'm going to take cooking lessons.
A: I'm going to practice my English more often.

7. How much money did you bring with you today?
A: I didn't bring any money.
A: I brought 500 baht.

8. How much did your pen cost?
A: I don't remember.

9. How did you figure out the answers?
A: It's a secret.
A: My friend told me.

10. How much are you selling your motorcycle for?
A: I'm selling it for two thousand eight hundred and thirty-two.

Week 9

Questions and Answers

1. What do we need to buy at the store?
A: We don't need anything right now.
A: We need some bread, rice and fish.

2. What are you going to eat for dinner today?
A: I'm going to eat a salad.
A: I feel like eating some fruit.

3. What did you buy yesterday?
A: I bought some groceries.

4. What do you consider your worst habit?
A: I go to sleep too late every night.
A: I drink too much beer.

5. What kind of personality do you have?
A: I'm a kind person.
A: I'm a polite person.
A: I'm a lazy person.
A: I'm a sloppy person.
A: I'm an honest person.
A: I'm a reliable person.
A: I'm a responsible person.

6. What did you ask your mother for?
A: I asked her for some money.
A: I asked her to make bamboo curry for me.
A: I asked her for her blessing.
A: I asked for her permission to go to Bangkok.

7. What are some things you can do?
A: I can draw pictures.
A: I can use a computer.
A: I can swim.
A: I can be a good leader.
A: I can ride a horse.

8. What are some things you like to do?
A: I like to play guitar.
A: I like to go out with friends.
A: I like to serve people.
A: I like to play sports.
A: I like to travel.
A: I like to listen to music.

9. What do I have to do to get healthy?
A: You might have to start exercising.
A: You might have to go on a diet.
A: You might want to try vegetarian food.

10. What do you like to read?
A: I like to read comics.
A: I like to read short stories.

Week 8

Questions and Answers

1. Can you pass that to me?
A: Sure, here you go.
A: Sure, no problem.
A: Sure, I would be glad to.

2. What would you like to drink?
A: I would like to drink Pepsi.
A: Water is fine.

3. Would you like to take a break?
A: Yes, I would.
A: No, let's go on.

4. I have to go now. See you later.
A: OK, see you later.

5. Please, come and eat with me.
A: That sounds great. Thanks.

6. Let's go fishing on the lake.
A: Sure, that sounds great. Thanks.

7. I don't understand. Can you say that again?
A: Sure, no problem.

8. Tell me about your family.
A: I have three older sisters.
A: My father is a farmer.
A: My parents are farmers.
A: My younger sister is married.
A: My hometown is Sakon Nakorn.

9. Can you do me a favor?
A: Yes, what can I do for you.
A: Sure, what is it?

10. Can you give me a ride to the post office?
A: Sure, no problem.
A: No, I am a little busy right now.

Friday, January 8, 2010

Week 7

Questions and Answers

1. How are you going to celebrate your birthday this year?
A: I'm going to have a big party with my friends.
A: I don't know.

2. Are you going to visit your grandparents at New Year?
A: Yes, I am.
A: Maybe. I'm waiting for my parents' decision.

3. Are you going to buy Lisa a present?
A: Yes, I am.
A: No, I am not going to buy her a present.

4. Will you be there at seven o'clock?
A: No, I won't.
A: Probably.

5. Where is Helen going to be this evening?
A: I don't know.
A: She's going to be at a friend's house.

6. What time are you going to arrive?
A: I'm not sure.
A: Maybe at around eight o'clock in the morning.

7. Did you have a good weekend?
A: Yes, thanks. How about you?
A: No, I didn't. And you?

8. Are you going to bring some food to the party?
A: Yes, I am.
A: No, I'm not.

9. What are you going to do tomorrow?
A: I'm going to do my laundry.
A: I'm going to visit my relatives.

10. What would you like to order?
A: I will have steak, please.

Week 6

Questions and Answers

1. Do you mind if I check my email?
A: No, not at all. Go ahead.
A: Of course not.

2. Would you mind closing the window?
A: No, of course not.
A: Not at all.

3. Please could you put away the groceries?
A: Sure, no problem.

4. Is it OK if I hang out my coat?
A: Sure. No problem.

5. Do you mind if I watch TV?
A: Not at all. Go ahead.
A: I'd rather you didn't. I'm reading for my test.

6. Is it OK if I use your dictionary?
A: Sure. Help yourself.

7. Is it OK if I turn off the radio?
A: Sure. No problem.
A: Sorry, but I'm listening to it.

8. Do you mind if I use your cell phone?
A: Of course not.

9. Could you close the window, please?
A: Sorry, but I need some fresh air.

10. Do you mind if I play the guitar?
A: Actually, I'd rather you didn't. I have a headache.
A: Of course not. Go ahead.